We see sound (part 2)
3. Implementation of the theory in poetic texts
If there are matches of speech sounds to certain colors, even in the subconscious, then they must appear somewhere, the sound color must somehow function in speech. And perhaps, first of all, it is necessary to look for manifestations of sound-color halos in poetry: where the sound side is especially important. The effect of zvukovya may play a role in the case, when in the poem creates a particular color pattern, and the pattern of the vowels of the verse should be supported, “light up” the picture with the sounds of the corresponding color.
If this is the case, it is natural to expect that the description of, for example, red objects and phenomena in the text will emphasize the role of red A and I; they will occur more often than usual, especially in the most important, most prominent positions (say, in drums). Description of something blue will be accompanied by injection of blue And, Y, y; green – injection of E, E, etc.
Cost to begin testing this hypothesis, in dry statistical calculations began to show live game zvukotsvetovye ghosting poetic language, striking by surprise, the variety and precision according to the conceptual meaning and common expressive-figurative meaning of the works. Judge.
Block has a poem, which he wrote under the impression of V. Vasnetsov’s painting “Gamayun, a prophetic bird”. The poem about the terrible prophecies conveys the tragic color of the picture – the gloomy crimson color of executions, fires, blood.
If the original hypothesis is correct, then swakopumund fabric of the poem should meet more often than expected according to the standard, red and I dark, grim, You, isn’t it?
Since both the problem of the sound flower and the analysis of poems from this point of view are very unusual, then one statement that this is really so will certainly not be enough. The usual reaction of anyone who first hears about the sound flower in poetry: “This can not be!”And on machine calculations most often look with secret confidence in a dirty trick. Therefore, we will describe at least briefly the method of computer analysis of this and other poems, which will be discussed here.
The text of the poem (including the title) counts the number of each of the 10 sound letters listed in the table. To account for the special role of stressed vowels, they are in the account doubled. As E, I, u, Y are associated only with shades of primary colors and because they occur infrequently, a independent value in zvukotsvetovye picture of verse they have. Therefore, they are added to the main vowels. Since the sound letter E turned out to be two-color, its number is divided equally between O and E. Blue Th is expressed weakly, so the number of Th is reduced by half and only then is added to I. the number of all letters is also Counted with the doubling of percussion (the value of N).
Then determine the proportion (frequency) of each vowel in the text of the poem (Pk) and the units of the swing for the text:
The obtained particulars are compared with the normal (average for the language), and the normalized differences of these frequencies are calculated to determine whether the frequencies observed in the poem accidentally or not differ from the normal ones and how they differ:
Sound flower in the poem “Gamayun, bird prophetic”:
As you can see, the sounds A and I in ordinary speech would have to meet 116 per thousand, and in the poem they are much more (Pk=0,159). At s= 0.018, this deviation of the particular (0.159 – 0.116 = 0.044) exceeds the random one by 2.39 times, that is, it can hardly be random. So the poet intuitively aggravate And red and I, often providing the shock position (broadcasts a series of bloody executions). The second excess is S, giving a red tone dark, tragic sound. Finally, (also exceeding the frequency above the norm) adds zvukotsvetovye the picture of the dark blue-green and purple shades. The frequency of all other vowels is lower than normal.
If we now depict in color the game dominating in the poem vowels, you get the picture in the red-crimson and black-and-blue colours, some with dark greenish. And this is the color scheme of the picture Vasnetsov. One can only marvel at how accurately the poet’s talent prompted him to choose and proportions of dominant sounds.
In this way, the computer “read” a lot of poems. For some of them, the total values (Z) are given in the common table to make sure that the detected color matches are not a paradox of statistics, not a random coincidence of numbers. Significant above chastotnoi bold. In the last, eighth column is given a color transcript of the results.
Sound flower in poetry:
Well see how exactly it uses the visual possibilities of zvukovykh ghosting Yesenin. When comparing the very first lines of his poems with the colors of the dominant vowels, a clear correspondence of verbal and sound-color pictures is immediately revealed. “Dissuaded grove Golden…”- the dominant color is yellow, slightly greenish. “The scarlet light of dawn was woven on the lake…”- sounds create a dense red and dark blue scale. “The air is clear and blue…”zvukove blue, slightly pinkish. “Green hair, girlish Breasts…”- green and dark green with a blue scale of sound color matches.
4. Instead of conclusion
As they say, comments are unnecessary. Yes, poets could say about themselves the words of A. Voznesensky: “We see the sound.” They really see it with the inner eye of talent, feel its iridescent halo and light this rainbow in their poems.
Well, the computer shows the color pictures hidden in the text, thus showing that it is able to catch this amazing feature of poetic speech.
According to A. Zhuravlev’s book “Dialogue with the computer”. Young guard, 1987.