Music and health (part 2)
Russian writer F. M. Dostoevsky told how in 1848 the composer Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka visited the Society of lovers of literature. He then played Chopin, Gluck and his own compositions. And then he broke up and performed his famous “Kamarinskaya”. Dostoevsky listened, and he remembered one of the spring evenings, a strange condition that suddenly came over him, like if you were going home on a dark evening, thoughtlessly and sadly looking around, and suddenly you would hear music. A ball! In brightly lit Windows shadow flicker, heard rustling and shuffling, as if heard whispers seductive ballroom, solid bass buzzing, squealing violin … you pass by, entertained, excited, you have a desire for something, a longing. It’s like you’ve heard life…”. About how music affects the man told us the Russian writer and physician V. V. Veresaev.In his work “At an impasse” he introduces the reader to the old society, where one of the heroines of the novel, pianist Gurnienko, played the audience in the hall “fragments” of the old regime of the play by Beethoven, Chopin. “Her large eyes lit up with a light that lit up from within and became beautiful. And suddenly all evil, crushed, frightened began to melt in people and evaporate. In the dimly lit hall shone austere, majestic beauty.” Then the “Kornienko played “Autumn song” by Tchaikovsky. The melody under her fingers became a new one, grasping at the soul. Linden alley. The yellow leaves are slowly falling. From afar flows melancholy of a violin autumn”. Here the poet Valery Bryusov in verse expresses his attitude to music, rather, its influence on state of mind:
I cannot delight
dreams to overcome,
Repeat the tunes of old,
And I hurry and run – and a beautiful night
Lays the shadows, beckoning, long…
medipad the music people sing, dance, get married. Our ancestors created musical instruments that were used in religious and religious rites. The Moscow Historical Museum holds two flutes made of tubular bones of animals. It is the most ancient musical instruments found in the European part of Russia, in particular, on the shore of the lake Mesirah. So, even 4,000 years ago the primitive people in need of funds with which it was possible to publish certain sounds, raises emotional, triumphant tone or bewitching, gipnotizirovanie rhythms. In the days of ancient Sparta warriors went into battle to the sound of wooden instruments. Russian commanders A. V. Suvorov and M. D. Skobelev attached great importance to marching music. “Music doubles, triples army”, – said Suvorov. Marches help to make long difficult transitions.
Famous Russian scientists V. M. Bekhterev, I. M. Sechenov and others noted the huge influence of music on the nervous system, breathing, blood circulation. These or other melodies can raise blood pressure or lower it, speed up the pulse or slow down.
German doctors in Munich often, in addition to the usual treatment, recommend music therapy to patients: listening to the works of Beethoven, Mozart and other composers. Scientists have also noticed that playing the clarinet has a positive effect on blood circulation, such music normalizes the cardiovascular system.
Delicate violin melody or played on the piano calm. Remember the Serenade of the Austrian composer Franz Schubert “my Song flies with a plea quietly at night…” – smoothly flowing melody, creating a light, dreamy mood. And if you listen to the “Seasons” Tchaikovsky! One of the most popular plays of this album is “Barcarolla” (the boatman’s song). The composer put his personal feelings into it, and we, the listeners, are mesmerized by the melody. Or from the same album, “April. Snowdrop.”
Music paints a picture of awakening spring and as a symbol of it – snowdrop, peeking out from under the snow, gentle, fragile. Listen, and you will feel, as on psyche becomes warmer, safer. Such melodies heal, improve.
From ancient Greek mythology came to us the God of light, Golden-haired handsome Apollo, who patronizes artists, poets, singers and musicians. The legend tells how a silver bow over the shoulder and a cittern – musical instrument of ancient Greece – in the hands he swept over sea abyss, over the mountains and gorges, arrows reeked of evil enemies in the images of hideous monsters and, touching the Golden strings of the cithara, singing the triumphant, victorious song. Legend has it that Apollo raised two sons. One of them Orpheus is a singer and musician. Another – Aesculapius, who, having mastered the medical art, became a God-healer. Until now, it is revered by doctors.
matematyka and health – these concepts are close to each other. But the combination of the professions of musician and doctor is a rare phenomenon. And yet there are such unique. Russian composer Alexander Borodin was a talented chemist. He graduated from the Medico-surgical Academy, defended his thesis for doctor of medicine, was among such prominent figures of Russian science as A. M. Butlerov, D. I. Mendeleev, I. I. Sechenov, S. P. Botkin. But the work of a medical scientist did not prevent him from composing musical works: romances, symphonic concerts, and creating his main creation – the Opera “Prince Igor”. He worked on the Opera for 17 years. Music inspires her, awakens Patriotic feelings. The French composer Hector Berlioz touched medicine. Born in the family of a doctor, he studied medicine at the insistence of his father, but also was fond of poetry, art, music.
He entered the Paris Conservatoire. Berlioz created several symphonies, a vocal and dramatic trilogy “the Childhood of Christ”. Particularly known for his Opera “Beatrice and benedick” in Shakespeare’s Comedy “Much ADO about nothing”. Light, cheerful music of the Opera creates a good mood, ignites with fun and humor.
Thanks to my journalistic work, I met a man who combined two wonderful professions – a musician, a singer and a doctor. Sergey vaganovich Sugarjan, the owner of a beautiful baritone, he graduated from a Conservatory.
Performed at the world-famous theatres such as the Bolshoi theatre in Moscow, Covent garden in London, Grand Opera in Paris, etc. Played leading roles in the operas of Verdi’s “Nabucco” and “La Traviata”, Puccini’s “CIO-CIO-San.” There are 15 Opera parts by different composers. His repertoire includes 500 arias, romances and songs. But a professional singer drew and medicine. Even in his youth, he noticed a favorable influence of music, singing on health. Continuing to sing, managed to graduate from Stavropol medical Institute and started work as a physician-cardioreanimation. He developed his system of body recovery with the help of music therapy.
The therapeutic and prophylactic method, which he called vocal therapy, consists, first of all, in the correct singing breath. “There is a set of special exercises – said Sergey vaganovich – with which you can bring the ability to control breathing to perfection.” This is a kind of soft, elastic massage of internal organs.
Respiratory training on a certain system strengthens the walls of blood vessels. The method of influence of sound vibrations, which are in harmony with the internal processes in the human body, has been practiced by healers of the East since ancient times. They say: sing, to be healthy; treat can be not only word, but and music, singing and even lingering a multiple utterance with smile some utterance. For example, “gon” is the sound of the spleen, “Shen” is the sound of the lungs, “Guo” is the sound of the liver, “Chen” is the sound of the heart, “Yu” is the sound of the kidneys, “don” is the sound of the stomach.
In his book “Health in music” S. V. Sosorgan cites similar examples of the modern scientific researchers. He talks about the beneficial effects on human health of melodious, lingering vowel sounds.