Auditory therapy of A. Tomatis (part 1)
About 40 years ago, the French otolaryngologist Alfred Tomatis made some amazing discoveries that gave impetus to the development of the method of Tomatis. This method has different names: “auditory training”, “auditory excitation” or “auditory therapy”. Its purpose is to re-educate the person in the process of listening, which improves the ability to learn and master languages, to communicate, increases creativity and has a positive effect on the social behavior of the individual.
The Tomatis Method has helped thousands of children suffering from hearing problems, speech disorders, attention deficit disorder (DKV), autism, as well as motor disorders. His discoveries helped to fight depression in adults, to learn foreign languages faster, to overcome difficulties in communication, to increase creativity and efficiency.
Many musicians, singers and actors were able to improve their own professional skills using the method of Tomatis. Finally, many report positive psychological changes such as self-confidence, increased energy levels, greater clarity of thought, and a sense of well-being.
Today, the Tomatis Method is used in more than 250 centers around the world. They employ specialists in psychology, medicine, education, occupational therapy and music.
Over the years, Dr. Tomatis has developed a rather complex theory, which is based on the interaction of auditory perception with the voice. This brief review can only outline some of the basic ideas in the theory of Tomatis. We can only hope that one day his work will be translated by domestic experts, because they explain in detail the basics of the method and the principles of its operation. A significant number of scientific developments and practical studies confirm the effectiveness of this method (see below). In addition, clinical results obtained by practitioners prove that the method of Tomatis works.
When we think about our ears, we usually focus on the hearing process. This is, of course, the most obvious function, but in addition to hearing, the ear performs several important functions that need to be considered. All of them are taken into account in the method of Tomatis. One of the most important functions of the ear is vestibular. Lobby, takes part in the management of balance, coordination of movements, muscle tone and muscles of our eyes. Thanks to the lobby we are able to navigate in the surrounding space. The lobby is also an important transmitter of sensory information from our body to the brain. Children who have vestibular problems often have difficulty communicating sensory information.
The other part of the inner ear is the snail, it performs the function of a sound analyzer, which is especially important for understanding speech. The lobby and snail are connected and act as a relay station between the nervous system and the brain, which is responsible for the transmission of all sensory information. Tactile, visual and auditory signals pass through the lobby and the cochlea, but according to the theory of Tomatis, ear function is not exhausted.
Tomatis also draws our attention to the fact that high-frequency sounds excite the brain, while low-frequency, on the contrary, contribute to the leakage of energy. For this reason, he calls high-frequency sounds “charging sounds” and believes that low-frequency sounds often tire us. They cause vibration of internal organs, activating semicircular channels of the lobby. If these sounds continue to arrive for a long time, they have a negative impact on the whole body. This effect can be easily observed in people listening to heavy music (rap or rock). On the other hand, the works of Mozart or Bach have quite the opposite effect.
Tomatis notes that when our brain is “well charged,” we can achieve greater concentration and concentration, organize, memorize, learn and work for long periods of time with almost no stress. When the brain is “well charged”, the person does not lack the energy necessary for creation, work of imagination and creativity. Most children or adults with good musical hearing receive a lot of “sound energy” and rarely experience a lack of strength or a feeling of depression. Hyperactive children who are constantly moving can “charge” their brain through vestibular actions. People whose brains are not sufficiently “charged” may not be ready for the problems that our rapidly developing society poses to them.